Flora Gardens Primary School

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Physical Education

At Flora Gardens we aim to develop the knowledge, skills and capabilities necessary for mental, emotional, social and physical wellbeing in our children now and for their future. Physical fitness is an important part of leading a healthier lifestyle. It teaches self-discipline and that to be successful you must work hard, show resilience and have the determination to believe that anything can be achieved.


The PE curriculum at Flora Gardens aims to prepare pupils for a life of enjoyment and challenge in all sport and/or physical activity. The design of our curriculum stands our pupil in good stead for the future, ensuring that by the time they leave Flora Gardens that they achieve a level of physical competence which can be transferred into a vast range of sports as pupils reach upper KS2 and move into KS3. This is done through following a fundamental motor skills programme.

The design of the curriculum reflects the backgrounds of the children, the opportunities they have to take part in sport and physical activity in the local area and the level of deprivation faced by our families.

There was a high percentage of participation deficit particularly in girls, something which we have strived to improve by designing a curriculum which is inclusive for all pupils no matter what background, gender or ability levels are.


  • A cycle of lessons specifically tailored to the needs of each key stage, ensuring a sequence which allows for progression as well as depth.
  • Re-iteration of teaching points to embed the theoretical aspects of skills learnt through FMS, whilst pupils in Year 5 and 6 begin to explore tactical excellence and ways to outsmart opponents through gameplay across a range of sports.
  • More ‘celebration days’ such as “This Girl Can” day which celebrates Girls participation in sport. Over 60 pupils, mums, aunties and grandparents take part in a fitness workout before school, followed by a range of different sports being delivered by female members of staff to pupils and a surprise guest, last year Olympian Abi Oyepitan, who delivered an assembly on her journey through sport.
  • Extracurricular clubs aimed at engaging pupils further in a range of activities throughout the academic year.
  • School sports competitions to develop all pupils through a range of tournaments, festivals and inter-school fixtures within Hammersmith and Fulham.


  • Year on year increase in pupil participation in PE, engagement levels are consistently high and pupil behaviour is excellent.
  • Increased levels of competency as pupil’s progress up the school now being tracked, to assist with the development of planning year on year.
  • Increased participation of pupils in extracurricular clubs therefore more active pupils outside of curriculum PE.
  • The school has achieved Sports Gold X 2 


“Physical education develops pupils’ competence and confidence to take part in a range of physical activities that become a central part of their lives, both in and out of school.” (National Curriculum, 2013)

The purpose of teaching Physical Education in KS1 and KS2 is fourfold: primarily, PE will provide pupils with the opportunity to be physically active for a prolonged period. Secondly, it will develop the pupil’s confidence and encourage creativity, as well as developing their mental capacity for problem solving and critical analysis. Thirdly, a high quality programme of PE will prepare pupils for the continuation of physical activity in later life. Finally, PE will enhance pupil’s quality of life, through the learnt importance of health and fitness and the experience of being a member of a team and the benefits associated; many of which teach important life skills.


From Years 1-6 pupils will be formatively assessed at the end of every half term. This will be based upon the development of their performance through both activities based on learning technique and the effectiveness of their ability in games situations/compositions using the national curriculum levels for Physical education in KS1 and KS2.

 In KS1, Pupils will be taught to:

 Acquiring and developing skills

  1. Pupils will be taught to:
  2. Explore basic skills, actions and ideas with increasing understanding.
  3. Remember and repeat simple skills and actions with increasing control and coordination.

Selecting and applying skills, tactics and compositional ideas

  1. Pupils will be taught to:
  2. Explore how to choose and apply skills and actions in sequence and in combination.
  3. Vary the way they perform skills by using simple tactics and movement phrases.
  4. Apply rules and conventions for different activities.

Evaluating and improving performance

  1. Pupils will be taught to:
  2. describe what they have done.
  3. Observe, describe and copy what others have done.
  4. Use what they have learnt to improve the quality and control of their work.

Knowledge and understanding of fitness and health

  1. Pupils will be taught:
  2. How important it is to be active.
  3. To recognise and describe how their bodies feel during different activities


In KS2, Pupils will be taught to:

Acquiring and developing skills

  1. Consolidate their existing skills and gain new ones
  2. perform actions and skills with more consistent control and quality.

Selecting and applying skills, tactics and compositional ideas

  1. Plan, use and adapt strategies, tactics and compositional ideas for individual, pair, small-group and small-team activities.
  2. Develop and use their knowledge of the principles behind the strategies, tactics and ideas to improve their effectiveness.
  3. Apply rules and conventions for different activities.

Evaluating and improving performance

  1. To identify what makes a performance effective.
  2. Suggest improvements based on this information.

Knowledge and understanding of fitness and health

  1. How exercise affects the body in the short term.
  2. To warm up and prepare appropriately for different activities.
  3. Why physical activity is good for their health and well being.
  4. Why wearing appropriate clothing and being hygienic is good for their health and safety.

Fundamental Motor Skills

Key Stage 2

Pupils will be taught to perform basic fundamental skills. These will include body management skills such as rolling, stopping, stretching and balancing in the early stages of KS1. Also taught will be transferable locomotor skills like crawling, running and jumping, all of which are the building blocks for skills required in a variety of sports and gymnastic activities. Lastly more game specific skills will be taught such as throwing and catching in games activities. This overview below follows the national curriculum in England but also takes into consideration the teaching programme for physical education in Australia that produces more coordinated, well- balanced and skillful performers through the teaching of fundamental motor skills.

Fundamental motor skills will be broken down into 3 breadths of study outlined by the national curriculum in Key stage 1.

  1. Gymnastics

Pupils will be taught to perform basic skills in travelling, being still, finding space and using it safely. Also they will develop their range of skills and actions for example balancing, taking off, landing, jumping and rolling.  Pupils will also be able to choose and link skills and actions in short movement phrases.  Finally, pupils will have the understanding to create and perform short link sequences that show a clear beginning middle and end and have contrasts in direction, level and speed.

  1. Dance

Pupils will be taught to using movement imaginatively, Responding to stimuli, including music and perform basic skills. For example travelling, making a shape, jumping and turning.  Secondly, pupils will be able to change the rhythm, speed, level and direction of their movements.   Moreover, they will also have the ability to create and perform dances using simple movement patterns including those from different times and cultures.  Lastly, Pupils will have the understanding to express and communicate ideas and feelings in their movements.

  1. Games activities

Peoples will be taught how to travel with, pass, catch and receive a ball and other equipment in different ways. Furthermore pupils will be able to develop these skills for simple striking and fielding and invasion type games. Lastly, pupils will have the awareness to utilise simplistic tactics and skills for attacking and defending in games activities.

Key Stage 2

The KS2 Curriculum will work similar to that of KS1 in that the national curriculum for England will be followed, however works and research from the Australian government on Fundamental motor skills will also be incorporated, thus providing a more vigorous physical education.

  1. Gymnastics activities

Pupils will be able to create and perform fluent sequences on the floor and using apparatus.  Furthermore, these will include variations in level, Speed and direction the sequences.

  1. Dance activities

Pupils will be able to create and perform dances using a range of movement patterns, including those from different times, places and cultures.  They will also have the ability to respond to a range of stimuli and accompaniment.

  1. Games activities

Pupils will be able to play and make up small sided and modified competitive net, striking/ fielding and invasion games.  Peoples will also have the understanding that to use skills and tactics and apply basic principles suitable for attacking and defensive.

  1. Athletics

Pupils will be taught to take part in and design challenges and competitions that call for precision, speed, power or stamina.  Pupils will also be able to use running, jumping and throwing skills singling and in combination.  Lastly, pupils will have the awareness to pace themselves in these challenges and competitions.

  1. Outdoor and adventurous activities

Pupils will be able to take part in outdoor activity challenges including following trails in familiar, unfamiliar and changing environments.  Secondly, pupils will use a range of orienteering and problem solving skills.  They will also have the ability to work with others to meet the challenges.

How Parents Can Help

To get the most out of indoor PE lessons it is important that the children wear appropriate clothing to allow a full range of movement.  All children are expected to wear the correct PE kit to school on the day they have their PE and Games lesson.  The correct kit is a t-shirt in the child's House colour and green shorts or track-suit trousers. Parents can also help by trying to ensure that children have a healthy and balanced diet as well as plenty of water.

Parents should try to encourage children to engage in physical exercise out of school hours in order to maintain a basic level of fitness.  


The following is a list of terms/keywords that pupils will know by the end of school

Aesthetically Pleasing






Back foot

















Forward roll

Front foot




Heart Rate

Height movement






Multistage Fitness Test


Over arm


Push Pass










Shoulder stand

Soft Hands






Suppleness (flexibility)









Vertical jump


After School Sport

  • Football club
  • Netball
  • Athletics
  • Gymnastics
  • Cricket
  • Rounders
  • Multi Sports
  • Taekwondo