Physical Education

Rationale

“Physical education develops pupils’ competence and confidence to take part in a range of physical activities that become a central part of their lives, both in and out of school.” (National Curriculum, 2013)

The purpose of teaching Physical Education in KS1 and KS2 is fourfold: primarily, PE will provide pupils with the opportunity to be physically active for a prolonged period. Secondly, it will develop the pupil’s confidence and encourage creativity, as well as developing their mental capacity for problem solving and critical analysis. Thirdly, a high quality programme of PE will prepare children for the continuation of physical activity in later life. Finally, PE will enhance pupil’s quality of life, through the learnt importance of health and fitness and the experience of being a member of a team and the benefits associated; many of which teach important life skills.

Assessment

From years 1-6 pupils will be formatively assessed at the end of every half term. This will be based upon the development of their performance through both activities based on learning technique and the effectiveness of their ability in games situations/compositions using the national curriculum levels for Physical education in KS1 and KS2.thumbnail_IMG_5407

 

Overview

 Pupils will be taught in KS1 to:

 Acquiring and developing skills

  1. Pupils will be taught to:
  2. Explore basic skills, actions and ideas with increasing understanding.
  3. Remember and repeat simple skills and actions with increasing control and coordination.

Selecting and applying skills, tactics and compositional ideas

  1. Pupils will be taught to:
  2. Explore how to choose and apply skills and actions in sequence and in combination.
  3. Vary the way they perform skills by using simple tactics and movement phrases.
  4. Apply rules and conventions for different activities.

Evaluating and improving performance

  1. Pupils will be taught to:
  2. describe what they have done.
  3. Observe, describe and copy what others have done.
  4. Use what they have learnt to improve the quality and control of their work.

Knowledge and understanding of fitness and health

  1. Pupils will be taught:
  2. How important it is to be active.
  3. To recognise and describe how their bodies feel during different activities

 

 Pupils will be taught in KS2 to:

Acquiring and developing skills

Pupils will be taught to:

  1. Consolidate their existing skills and gain new ones
  2. perform actions and skills with more consistent control and quality.

Selecting and applying skills, tactics and compositional ideas

Pupils will be taught to:

  1. Plan, use and adapt strategies, tactics and compositional ideas for individual, pair, small-group and small-team activities.
  2. Develop and use their knowledge of the principles behind the strategies, tactics and ideas to improve their effectiveness.
  3. Apply rules and conventions for different activities.

Evaluating and improving performance

Pupils will be taught:

  1. To identify what makes a performance effective.
  2. Suggest improvements based on this information.

Knowledge and understanding of fitness and health

Pupils will be taught:

  1. How exercise affects the body in the short term.
  2. To warm up and prepare appropriately for different activities.
  3. Why physical activity is good for their health and well being.
  4. Why wearing appropriate clothing and being hygienic is good for their health and safety.

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Physical Education Overview

KS1

Fundamental Motor Skills

Pupils will be taught to perform basic fundamental skills. These will include body management skills such as rolling, stopping, stretching and balancing in the early stages of KS1. Also taught will be transferable locomotor skills like crawling, running and jumping, all of which are the building blocks for skills required in a variety of sports and gymnastic activities. Lastly more game specific skills will be taught such as throwing and catching in games activities. This overview below follows the national curriculum in England but also takes into consideration the teaching programme for physical education in Australia that produces more coordinated, well- balanced and skillful performers through the teaching of fundamental motor skills.

Fundamental motor skills will be broken down into 3 breadths of study outlined by the national curriculum in Key stage 1.

  1. Gymnastics

Pupils will be taught to perform basic skills in travelling, being still, finding space and using it safely. Also they will develop their range of skills and actions for example balancing, taking off, landing, jumping and rolling.  Pupils will also be able to choose and link skills and actions in short movement phrases.  Finally, pupils will have the understanding to create and perform short link sequences that show a clear beginning middle and end and have contrasts in direction, level and speed.

  1. Dance

Pupils will be taught to using movement imaginatively, Responding to stimuli, including music and perform basic skills. For example travelling, making a shape, jumping and turning.  Secondly, pupils will be able to change the rhythm, speed, level and direction of their movements.   Moreover, they will also have the ability to create and perform dances using simple movement patterns including those from different times and cultures.  Lastly, Pupils will have the understanding to express and communicate ideas and feelings in their movements.

  1. Games activities

Peoples will be taught how to travel with, pass, catch and receive a ball and other equipment in different ways. Furthermore pupils will be able to develop these skills for simple striking and fielding and invasion type games. Lastly, pupils will have the awareness to utilise simplistic tactics and skills for attacking and defending in games activities.

KS2thumbnail_IMG_5413

The KS2 Curriculum will work similar to that of KS1 in that the national curriculum for England will be followed, however works and research from the Australian government on Fundamental motor skills will also be incorporated, thus providing a more vigorous physical education.

  1. Gymnastics activities

Pupils will be able to create and perform fluent sequences on the floor and using apparatus.  Furthermore, these will include variations in level, Speed and direction the sequences.

  1. Dance activities

Pupils will be able to create and perform dances using a range of movement patterns, including those from different times, places and cultures.  They will also have the ability to respond to a range of stimuli and accompaniment.

  1. Games activities

Pupils will be able to play and make up small sided and modified competitive net, striking/ fielding and invasion games.  Peoples will also have the understanding that to use skills and tactics and apply basic principles suitable for attacking and defensive.

  1. Athletics

Pupils will be taught to take part in and design challenges and competitions that call for precision, speed, power or stamina.  Pupils will also be able to use running, jumping and throwing skills singling and in combination.  Lastly, pupils will have the awareness to pace themselves in these challenges and competitions.

  1. Outdoor and adventurous activities

Pupils will be able to take part in outdoor activity challenges including following trails in familiar, unfamiliar and changing environments.  Secondly, pupils will use a range of orienteering and problem solving skills.  They will also have the ability to work with others to meet the challenges.

Appendix

 

  • The following is a list of terms/keywords that pupils will know by the end of school

Aesthetically Pleasing

Agility

Angle

Asymmetrical

Symmetrical

Attacking

Back foot

Balance

Beginning

Bounce

Chest

Circuit

Cartwheel

Coil

Continuous

Coordination

Defending

Dynamic

Dodge

Explosive

Extension

Fielding

Flight

Forward roll

Front foot

Full

Headstand

Handstand

Heart Rate

Height movement

Intensity

Interval

Leap

Maximum

Middle

Multistage Fitness Test

Movement

Over arm

Passing

Push Pass

Possession

Power

Punt

Pulse

Resting

Rotation

Sequence

Shoot

Short

Shoulder stand

Soft Hands

Speed

Smooth

Static

Straddle

Strength

Suppleness (flexibility)

Symmetrical

Tactics

Travel

Tension

Through

Tuck

Vaulting

V-Drag

Vertical jump

 

After School Sport

  • Football club
  • Netball
  • Athletics
  • Gymnastics
  • Cricket
  • Rounders
  • Multi Sports
  • Taekwondo

 

 

Flora Gardens is a Good School with Outstanding Features! Click HERE to see our Ofsted report

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